by Jakob Bentz
translated by Henry Fischer
from the book: Gross Mlinska, Die Geschichte eines hessischen Dorfes in Kroatien.
|Swabian Turkey, as the triangular region between Lake Balaton, the Danube and the Drava Rivers is called, was counted among the regions west of the Danube which was freed from the Turks after the fall of Buda in 1686 and remained out of their hands and was no longer threatened by them by 1687.
This almost totally depopulated area was given in land grants to the Emperor’s most trusted commanders and generals, and nobles of his administration and the bishops and monastic orders. He also sold vast estates to wealthy nobles. Prince Eugene (of Savoy) obtained large estates in the southern Baranya, and Count von Mercy, the man in charge of the colonization and settlement of the Danube Swabians purchased large tracts of land in Tolna County. These private landlords in order to gain some income from their estates needed to recruit peasant farmers and tradesmen to come to their lands. At the beginning these settlement of colonists was undertaken by the landowners. Which meant that they were either nobles or princes of the Church, because they alone were allowed to be owners of land.
Their agent recruiters invaded southern Germany, which lay along the well-traveled Danube River highway. Above all they sought out Roman Catholics, but Protestants were also recruited. It all depended on the estate owner.
As the Banat and Transylvania had been cleared of the Turks and were secure from their attacks, there were not enough Roman Catholics to go around to meet the need and demand for settlers. This resulted in the acceptance of Protestants as well, even though Cardinal Kollonitsch was at the head of the settlement commission. In his public patent dealing with the repopulation of Hungary in 1689 he indicated that all stations in life, nationalities and religions were acceptable if they were free peasants and subjects of the Empire.
In spite of his rather extensive land grants and the cheap price of land, there were still vast stretches of property that remind in the hands of the Emperor. These lands were placed under the jurisdiction of Royal Chancellery in Vienna and were registered in various classifications describing the nature of the tracts, i.e. Pusta prairies, and were controlled by them.
Along the Sava and the Danube up to the Carpathian Mountains, there was a broad corridor identified as Crown Lands under the jurisdiction of the Military and was established as a Military Frontier.
The Emperor, Charles VI sent a so called official Imperial “request” on 20.04.1722 to the Landgrave Ernst Ludwig of Hesse-Darmstadt for colonists from his Lutheran principality to settle in the recently liberated territory known as the Banat. He gave as his reason, the need for German inhabitants to populate this empty region, as a defensive wall for all of Christendom. The Imperial Chamber and the authorities assigned to the resettlement program were apparently in agreement, to also settle Protestants in the Banat Military Frontier.
There were many Hessians soldiers who had participated in the war of liberation of Hungary from the Turks from 1683 – 1718. Because of that, this fertile and uninhabited land became well known in Hesse when they returned. As a result many from Hesse answered the invitation of the private landlords and the Emperor, and industrious peasant farmers and tradesmen made their way to Hungary.
The situation in which these would-be settlers lived in their homeland had become unbearable. The failed crops, their service in the military, and the heavy obligations of free labor for their landlords, and the skyrocketing taxes they paid and no rights per se before the law where they could register their complaints about the destruction caused to their fields and harvests by the massive constant hunts the nobles engaged in meant that they trampled the fields and crops beneath their horses’ hooves. These were just a few of the reasons why they left and sought a new life elsewhere. But added to that was the constant threat on their western borders with their aggressive French neighbours, and the high birthrate resulting with more mouths than they were able to feed.
Those who desired to emigrate had to receive permission to leave from their noble landlords, which the recruiting agents facilitated on their behalf. At the beginning of the migration, receiving permission was not that difficult. But as the numbers of emigrants increased and some villages were threatened with the loss of the total population, the landowners began to withhold their permission, or at least made it difficult for would-be settlers to leave.
To forbid the emigration completely was not an option because of the Emperor’s “request”. Because of that the nobles asked for compensation for their losses due to their loss of revenue from their workers. Which meant the emigrants had to purchase their freedom or “manumission” from their rightful feudal lord. Because of that, there were many who left secretly and illegally.
During the time of Napoleon, and without permission, there were many single young men who abandoned their Hessian homeland and fled to Hungary, where their relatives had already settled. The French had occupied the Rhineland, and these principalities had to provide Napoleon with soldiers. They did not want to serve him. Among them was the grandfather of my great-grandfather Jakob Reiber. He came to Hungary at the turn of the century around 1800. I am told the ancestor of the Ferber family came to Hungary as a single young man as well. But these were individual stragglers much later after the major period of emigration between 1700 and 1785.
With backpacks and bundles the new recruits made their way on the long journey to their new homeland. Because they could only take the bare necessities with them, and sold and exchanged whatever else they had owned for money. There were even some of them who went on the long journey with their own wagons.
After the Second World War I saw a wagon from the Batschka that had been on the trek all the way to Berghausen, some 6 kilometers north of Wetzlar in Hesse.
The majority of the emigrants, who had no vehicles or wagons, headed for the river ports of Ulm and Gunzburg, and from there they were taken to Regensburg in the Ulmer Schachteln, which was a simple flat boat (raft).
Regensburg was the assembly point and also the doorway to the new homeland. Before they could go on and board larger boats known as the Kehlheimer Platten, which accommodated more people, they had to pass some examinations in terms of their papers and credentials. Single young men of marriageable age were often not allowed to go on. The Danube Swabian writer, Adam Muller-Guttenbrunn, describes such a situation on a day at Regensburg:
“At St. Peter’s thirteen young couples were married, who had only then met each other. The Emperor would not let them cross the border without them being married”.
Many young couples from various provinces of the Empire met each other here, who would have never met before.
If this hindrance for young singles was a problem, the problems that many Protestants faced was much more difficult. Many Protestants were forced to give up their “heretical faith” by intolerant and belligerent officials. Their baggage and their wagons were searched for Luther’s translation of the Bible. If they were found, the Bible ended up being burned in the public square of Regensburg.
From the Free City of Regensburg the journey by ship for Vienna began.
In Vienna the emigrants were registered, received their settlement permits and were then sent on to their destination down the Danube. Not all of them arrived there, because most of them got off of the ships along the way and settled on the estates of Hungarian nobles and landlords instead, which was something that the officials in Vienna protested and complained about regularly.
The private landowners whose estates were along the Danube or its close proximity in Swabian Turkey had a simpler access to settlers this way. They sent their agents to the docks along the Danube. The emigrants were tired and frustrated from the long journey, and allowed the agents to convince them to leave the boats here. At this time, and in this way, the vast majority of the Hessians settled in Swabian Turkey.
The Settlement of our Ancestors in Hungary
The people of Mlinska knew nothing about the migration or settlement of their ancestors in Hungary. Their past is virtually in the dark, because the families had no written records about their family’s origins. The settler passes they brought with them when they first arrived had been surrendered to their landlords. Further, their descendents who followed them were in the search of bettering their economic situation and often moved from one place to another, losing touch with one another. As a result, the first point of arrival and settlement of their ancestors in Hungary for whom there might have been information in the Church Records were no longer remembered by their descendents. The only thing most of them knew and remembered about them is that they had come from Germany and were either Lutheran or Reformed.
The reasons for their being cut off from any memory or contact with their former homelands has many different causes. After the period of the development of Mlinska, it would have been hard for the next generation to understand that their predecessors had simply changed their residence due to the crippling poverty they faced in Hungary and for that reason were forced to seek an alternative. And how had they been able to develop Mlinska into such a beautiful and prosperous village in the short space of fifty years? There were both internal and external reasons for that, and the nature of the people themselves had much to do with it.
From the very beginning it was their religion that distinguished them from others among whom they settled. In one of the oldest handbills from 1712, one can read: “The estate will be under the authority of a Swabian official. Hungarians and non-Catholics will not be accepted as settlers”. In the Emigration Patent promulgated by Maria Theresia in 1755 it is stated: “Only Roman Catholic German families would be allowed to settle…”
The Empress also promised to her settler subjects that without hindrance they would be allowed to sell their homestead and move on elsewhere, as long as they had fulfilled all of their obligations to their landlord. They would not have to perform any labor duties to the landlord for the first six years if they settled there, received a plot of land to build a house, some acres of land and the use of meadows with no payment of any rents and other concessions and privileges. But in terms of these incentives, the ancestors of the people of Mlinska received none of them from their landlords.
Under Emperor Charles VI (1711-1740) and the Empress Maria Theresia (1740-1780) during the first and second mass migration of the Swabians only Roman Catholics were accepted for settlement on the Imperial lands, estates, and prairies as well as on the domains of many of the private landlords, making it very difficult for Protestants to settle in Hungary unless they were able to find a tolerant landlord in terms of the religious question.
From the beginning they were dependent upon the nobles and landlords, and only mattered in terms of the economic value their work could accrue for them. The Repopulation Patent of 1689 had stipulated that the German colonists “were not bonded serfs, but free peasants and would continue to remain free subjects”, but not all of the private landlords would abide by that stipulation. They often did not keep their promises or the conditions of the agreements they made with the settlers. It was common for the nobles to change the agreements to their own advantage a few years after the settlement had taken place and the colonists had built their houses and had cultivated and developed the fields, and forced them to agree to the new conditions and sign the new agreement.
The settlers bound themselves to the landlord through labor and settlement agreements. They stood like petitioners at the door, and sometimes the conditions they had to accept were hard and had to be strictly adhered to.
These methods and the treatment of the subject peasants by the landlords was something of which the Royal Chamber in Vienna was aware. In 1767 the Empress Maria Theresia issued a new law, the Urbarium, which identified the rights and obligations of both the peasants and the landlords. According to this law, the subjects of the nobles could not be any worse than those of the subjects who lived on the Imperial estates and domains. But not even this attempt at justice was always followed through on the part of the nobles, which led to new regulations issued by the Emperor Joseph II in which he demanded full compliance with the ordinances of his mother’s Urbarium, and then in 1785 he gave all peasants the right to freedom of movement, which in effect was the emancipation of the serfs.
But following his early death, the nobles were quick to once again limit the rights of their peasant subjects.
Dr. Weidlein writes:
“The German population in the Tolna and the eastern portion of Baranya expanded rapidly due to natural increase and the ongoing emigration from Germany during the 18th century, so that the poorer element among them could not make any inroads on their economic improvement in their new homeland. These latecomers in particular, who had not acquired land still had to provide themselves and their families with daily bread. Today the poor people from the villages go as harvesters on the domains of the nobles, known as the Kreuzschnitt. (Henry’s note: The workers in a sense were a co-operative or union. Together they received one ninth of the crop and divided it among themselves on the basis of the work they had done, that was previously rated. A rate for the men who cut the grain, the boys who carried the water, the women tied the sheaves, etc). Earlier that had not been possible, since the subject peasants owed free labor contracted with the nobleman to do the work in his fields, and bring in his crops. The older people in the Tolna still can speak of how the poorer Swabians who lived on the Eszterhazy estates, west of Dombovár and Dobrokoz went threshing in the late fall and returned home in early winter with the little money they had earned through much hard and difficult work. These people often also went as far as Somogy County in search of work and some of them never returned home”. Where did these threshers end up?
They went deeper into Somogy County and signed work contracts and agreements with the domain owners there.
Every thresher received one joch on which to build a house, one already cultivated joch of land, one joch of woods and meadow, and one joch of vineyard. If someone wanted to clear more land he had to get the permission of the noble to do so. The timber and logs were his, and he could plant potatoes and corn on the cleared land for three years, and then had to turn the land over to the noble. Everyone was allowed to pasture one head of cattle and two pigs on the domains of the noble at no cost.
All of the houses had to be built according to the plan and in the manner as proscribed by the landlord. It was the noble’s responsibility to provide fresh drinking water and a plastered well shaft to maintain its quality. The schoolteacher, who received a land allotment like the others, did not have to provide free labor to the noble. The people had to provide sixteen days a year of free labor called the robot.
Dr. Weidlein remarks further:
“The people of Ecsény must have also signed a similar work contract with their landlord, for there were no peasant farmers or cottagers there. They were all very poor and had only about three joch of land…”
The ancestors of those who first settled in Mlinska, who came from Somogy County, had first settled in Tolna County before migrating there. Their dialect is in every way the same as that spoken in Tolna and Baranya Counties that was brought to Mlinska by all of them.
Emperor Joseph II (1780 – 1790)
During the reign of Emperor Joseph II, Protestants were also allowed to settle on the Imperial crown lands and estates. It was in this third phase of the Great Swabian Migration from 1782 to 1787 that the large Protestant communities were established in the Batschka, the Banat and Syrmien. But among them were none of the ancestors of the Mlinska families.
The Edict of Toleration of 1781 finally was decreed and brought about a degree of religious freedom. The Protestants were now granted rights similar to those of the Roman Catholics and other restrictions were eased. They were allowed to build “normal” churches with a tower and the entrance could face the main street. (Henry’s note: He got all of this wrong. The Protestants were “tolerated”. They were put up with! They were not equal before the law with the Church of Rome. Nor could their buildings look like a church (whatever that means). No towers were allowed and the entrances faced a back street. He must have never read the Edict. I did).
The Life of our Ancestors in Hungary
It is hard to put on paper the conditions under which our ancestors lived and existed. Their deep emotional needs in the face of so much adversity, treated like second-class citizens, the constant worries and anxieties they faced, with little support or resources.
All of those who survived the expulsion from Mlinska and the destruction of the German Reich where they sought sanctuary, with no idea of what the future held for them, have an idea of what those ancestors also experienced. Then as now, each family had to fend for itself.
It was not possible for them or for us to go back. The money that they had brought with them from the sale of what that had owned in their old homeland was quickly used up and they were forced to take what they could in their contracts with the nobles, and often were left living the life of a serf, not a free peasant as they had been back home.
The emigrant Konrad Roder from Dippach in the Bishopric of Fulda was able to return home from Hungary and he reported, “ …that he found the life of serf unbearable and no German would tolerate it here”.
Yet the settlers in the handbills were often portrayed as free contracted workers, who were able to make favorable contracts with well intentioned and generous landlords. But in truth they were always kept in a dependent state and unequal partners in their agreements in spite of their pleas for a better deal.
Only a few of the landlords had a statesman’s view of the world, as did Count Claudius Florimundus von Mercy. Mercy had a vision of developing a healthy and free peasantry on his domains.
Following the tax-free years, they had to pay taxes and quarter soldiers. The nobles paid no taxes, and for that reason the villagers had to perform free labor for them and give up a portion of their crops that seemed to increase yearly.
Unobserved by many was the infraction of the Repopulation Patent of 1689, whereby the German colonists were free peasants and would continue to be so in Hungary. The nobles did not see themselves accountable in any way to the dictates of the Patent. When the emigrants arrived and settled in a village they were often immediately treated like serfs, even though the landlord had not indicated as such in his discussions with them and then surprised them with the settlement agreement as did the noble in Nagyszekeley, that his subjects that they had absolutely no right to move on without his consent and approval.
It was during the reign of Joseph II that some important steps were taken towards the freeing of the serfs in Hungary. The peasant farmers could move on at any time, with or without the permission of their landlord; he did not need his approval to marry or to take up a trade or apprenticeship. After his death, the noble estates of Hungary attempted to rescind these advances in the status and rights of the peasants. The social divisions became greater and greater until they led to the outbreak of the Revolution in 1848.
Under the leadership of Louis Kossuth, according to what my grandmother was taught in school, came the emancipation of the serfs from the yoke of the nobles. A significant number of the German emigrants and their descendents stood on the side of Kossuth and the revolutionaries. His bravest generals were Germans. The slogans of: liberty, equality and fraternity became for the nonpolitical Germans in Hungary a deadly threat to their existence and their future. It was the peasants and the urban workers who carried the burden of taxation, from which the nobles were freed and who were their oppressors, but who saw the Austrians as their oppressors. The equality they spoke of was equality among the nobles not the citizenry. The lesser nobles called for freedom from Austria and the Emperor, while the higher nobles who were in league with the Hapsburgs to preserve their own rights and privileges sided with the more powerful of the two. (Henry’s note: This is not a translation. It is an attempt at unraveling a ten-line sentence strung together with clauses and commas. But it is the gist of the situation).
The Croatians under their Banus (Governor) Jelacic and the Transylvanian Saxons remained loyal to the Emperor, while our Danube Swabians from the viewpoint of the leading personalities of the time, suggested that the majority set themselves against the Hapsburg Emperor. As typical of the Germans they did not see the consequences of their actions, and what it would mean for them when the uprising was put down. In 1785 the Hungarians made up 29% of the population of the Kingdom of Hungary, but in 1842 they were 42% of the population. It had been accomplished by Magyarisation of the minorities, because Hungarians had the lowest birthrate of all of the nationalities.
The Russian allies of the Austrian Emperor defeated the remnants of Kossuth’s revolutionary forces. Following that, in 1866 the war between the brothers, between Austria and Prussia broke out and as a result of Austria’s defeat the Hapsburgs were forced into the Compromise of 1867 with Hungary, under Prussian pressure. All of the nationalities in the Hapsburg Empire were now placed into the hands of the Magyars to bring about a Magyarisation. This not only meant that the children had to learn Hungarian in the schools but they were also to develop a Magyar consciousness and forsake the traditions of their ancestors the “budos svab”. (Henry’s note: Stinking Swabians, the Newfies of Hungary).
The Mlinska settlers were opposed to these measures and one of the results was that they sought and developed a new homeland in Croatia.
The Villages of Origin of the Mlinska Settlers
Kaposszekcsö, Csikostöttös, Bikal, Hidas, Ráckozár, Tarrós, Magyarbóly.
Majós, Izmény, Bátaapáti, Alsónána, Kistormás, Kalazno, Kéty, Cikó, Varsad, Györe, Felsönána, Kistormás
Bonnya, Ecsény, Somogydöröcske
(Henry’s note: Several of the villages have been placed in the wrong county. I corrected them as above).
Erdmann, Theresia, maiden name Kah, born 31.01.1877, died in Brazil
Kah, Jakob and family
Kah, Johann and family
Muller, Magdalena, maiden name Schneider, widow of Maulbeck, born 15.03.1880, died 11.11.1958 Naunheim/Wetzlar
Oppenheim, Katharina, maiden name Turban, born 10.12,1866, died 11.03.1980 Niederissigheim, Hesse
Rohmann, Heinrich, born 16.01.1868, died 27.05.1937 Bjelovar
Turban, Heinrich, arrived in Mlinska in 1890, died 1943 Kirschberg, Poland
Turban, Johann, born 14.02.1875, died 16.11.1915 Sarajevo
Herberling, Elisabeth, maiden name Heberling, born 23.01.1876, arrived in Mlinska in 1903, died 13.02.1962 Eberbach
Heberling, Heinrich, born 05.02.1900, arrived in Mlinska in 1903
Heberling, Jakob, born 1881, Arrived in Mlinska 1903, died 06.03.1969 Lujan, Argentina
Heberling, Heinrich, born 1876, Died 1950 Vienna
Heberling, Elisabeth, maiden name Schleier, born in 1855, arrived in Mlinska 1912, died 27.05.1945 in Camp Precko by Zagreb (Mother of Heinrich born in 1876)
Kraus, Heinrich, Born 07.07.1877, Arrived in Mlinska 1912, died 28.06.1946 in Camp Podunavlje, Baranya
Kraus, Katharina, maiden name Golz, born 08.12.1884, arrived in Mlinska 1912, died 28.06.1946 Camp Podunavlje, Baranya
Kraus, Heinrich, born 29.08.1903, arrived in Mlinska 1912, died 22.12.1964 in Hagen (Son of Heinrich Kraus born 1877)
Knies, Elisabeth, maiden name Kraus, born 29.09.1905, arrived in Mlinska 1912, died 21.02.1946 in Camp Krndija
Muller, Peter, arrived in Mlinska 1909, died 1946 in Camp Krndija
Muller, Eva, arrived in Mlinska 1909, died 1944 in Graz, Austria
Muller, Peter, born 20.09.1897, arrived in Mlinska 1909, died 15.11.1973 in USA
Rohrer, Johann, born 08.11.1877, arrived in Mlinska 1901, died 14.06.1950 in Wolferode
Rohrer, Eva, maiden name Bentz, born 08.12.1882, arrived in Mlinska 1901, died 04.04.1944 Kirschberg
Bentz, Barbara, maiden name Lowescher, arrived in Mlinska 1901, died Mlinska (Mother of Eva born 1882)
Bentz, Joseph, born 01.08.1888, arrived in Mlinska 1901, died in France
Rottenbiller, Heinrich, born 08.04.1884, died 1945 Kirschberg
Frey, Stefan, born 29.06.1886, arrived in 1919 from Bastaji and USA, died 10.09.1942 murdered during Partisan raid
Schild, Jakob, born 14.10.1886, arrived in 1918 from Klein Pasijan, died in Ingolstadt
Ferber, Andreas, born 09.09.1869, arrived in Mlinska in 1890 from Eichendorf (Hrastovac), died 28.08.1944 Rambruch, Luxemburg
Ferber, George, born 07.10.1880, died Kelsterbach, Hesse
Ferber, Philip, born 31.05.1886, died 28.01.1966 in USA
Oppenheim, Heinrich, born 16.01.1881, died 1956 in Argentina
Stoos, Johann, born 16.11.1879, died in Argentina
Reitinger, Konrad, born 29.02.1908
Muth, Heinrich, born 17.04.1895 (in Gross Pasijan), died 13.01.1963 Wetzl Dalheim
Schuckmann, Katharina, maiden name Muth, born 1881 (in Gross Pasijan), died 16.04. Adelhofen
Hofmann, Jakob, born 15.08.1869, arrived in 1951 from Brasljanica, died October 1958
Schussler, Anna, maiden name Hoffmann, born 19.04.1898, arrived in 1915 from Brsljanica, died in Ehringshausen
Riegelmann, Jakob, born 25.09.1890, arrived in 1928 from Brsljanica) died November 1946 in Mlinska
Schonfeld, Heinrich, 28.07.1892, died in Weingarten, Baden
Janson, the parents of Johann Janson died in Mlinska
Wascher, Elisabeth, maiden name Weissling, born 19.09.1886, arrived in Mlinska in 1892, died Laasphe
Bietz, Anna, maiden name Bayer, born 23.10.11884 died 22.08.1968 in Traunreut
Maulbeck, Heinrich, born 24.09.1874, died 10.11.1928 in Mlinska
Maulbeck, George, born 18.01.1878, arrived in 1890 from Pasijan, died 17.02.1956 Ingolstadt
Schild, Anna, maiden name Maulbeck, born 20.07.1890, arrived in 1890 from Pasijan, died Ingolstadt
Hanzel, Johann, born 07.07.1870, died 14.01.1946 in Gustrow, Mecklenburg
Wolf, father of Adam Wolf, born 29.10.1859, died 26.07.1928 in Pasijan
Ruhl, Heinrich, born 21.09.1873, arrived in Mlinska 23.10.1891) died 19.08.1964 in Hausen
Eiler, Margaret, maiden name Ruhl, born 10.10.1883, arrived in Mlinska 23.10.1891, died 13.09.1946 in Camp Tenje, Yugoslavia
Hanzel, Elisabeth Johanna, maiden name Ruhl, arrived in Mlinska 23.10.1891, died Dombovar, Hungary
Lehning, Heinrich, 17.11.1885, arrived in Mlinska 1892, died 30.12.1946 Friedensdorf
Ferber, Elisabeth, maiden name Lehning, born 05.12.1886, died 23.04.1973 Kelsterbach
Eiler, Heinrich, born 19.09.1876, died 08.06.1947 Camp Rudolfsgnad, Banat
Lux, Jakob, born 1862, arrived in Mlinska in 1892, died 1951 in Seeon
Lux, Heinrich, born 1890, arrived in Mlinska 1892, died 1976 in Milwaukee, (Son of Jakob born 1862)
Reiber, Jakob, born 24.12.1846 in Tarros, arrived in Mlinska in 28.03.1890, died 02.06.1924 in Mlinska
Reiber, Katharina, maiden name Lehmann, born 18.06.1846, arrived in Mlinska 28.03.1890, died 06.02.1914 in Mlinska
Rohmann, Elisabeth, maiden name Reiber, born 06.08.1874, arrived in Mlinska 28.03.1890, died 02.04.1958 in Bjelovar
Turban, Anna, maiden name Reiber, born 23.10.1877, Arrived in Mlinska 1890, died 24.12.1961 in Obverhaust…
Ferber, Elisabeth, maiden name Hock, wife of Philip Ferber, died in 1946 in Camp Krndija, Yugoslavia
Friedrich, Elisabeth, maiden name Hohl, born 11.03.1889, married to Heinrich Friedrich, died 23.11.1960 in Seeon
Friedrich, Heinrich, carpenter, arrived in Mlinksa 1912, died in Mlinska
Janson, Katharina, maiden name Kauffeld, born 25.11.1875, died April 1947 in Pavolding
Hohl, Eva, maiden name Kauffeld, born 13.01.1870, died 27.12.1955, Pavolding
Hock, Jakob, born 04.10.1893, arrived in Mlinska 1900, died 28.12.1962 in Naunheim bei Wetzlar
Hock, Elisabeth, maiden name Ruppert, arrived in Mlinska in 1900, died 1943 in Kirschberg
Kah, Barbara, maiden name Kauffeld, born 14.12.1879, arrived in Mlinska in 1892, wife of Johann Kah, died 13.03.1959 in Hermannstein bei Wetzlar
Kohler, Jakob, born 20.08.1862, arrived in Mlinska in 18.08.1891, died 09.11.1942 in Kirschberg and was married
Kah, Anna, maiden name Tissberger, born 24.05.1877, wife of Johann Kah, died 04.11.1954 in Wetzlar
Rittinger, Katharina, maiden name Hock, born 14.09.1887, arrived in Mlinska 1900, 26.03.1946 in Camp Krndija, Yugoslavia
Schonfeld, Barbara, maiden name Tissberger, born 19.04.1898, died in Weingarten
Tissberger, Heinrich, born 14.02.1883, arrived in Mlinska in 1894, died 14.07.1964
Wascher, Konrad, born 06.03.1879, arrived in Mlinska in 1891, died 16.06.1956 in Nieder Laasphe
Rittinger, Johann, born 18.10.1880, arrived in Mlinska in 1905, died 24.08.1972 in Naunheim
Thron, Konrad, arrived in Mlinska 1905
Schmidt, Johann, born 19.02.1875, arrived from Pašijan in 1892, emigrated to Chicago, USA.
From Rackozar (Egyházaskozár):
Schussler, Katharina, maiden name Meinhard, born 31.03.1885, widow of Feist, arrived in Mlinska in 1908, died 03.03.1949 in Hermannstein
Till, Johann, born 24.01.1875, died in 1961
Hosser, Sebastian, born 1864, moved to Seliste in 1900 and then arrived in Mlinska in 1917, died 27.10.1945 in Stonsdorf, Silesia
Hosser, Elisabeth, maiden name Ferber born 1868, moved to Seliste in 1900 and then arrived in Mlinska in 1917.
Hosser, Heinrich, born 1895, moved to Seliste in 1900 and then arrived in Mlinska in 1917.
Riegelmann, Elisabeth, maiden name Reidl, born 16.01.1895, arrived in Mlinska in 1928 after first moving to Brslj.
Stoos, Anna, maiden name Reidl, born 17.04.1892, arrived in Mlinska in 1912
Ruhl, Anna, maiden name Ellenberger, born 25.04.1880 died 21.09.1964 Hausen
Grunwald, Barbara, maiden name Balz, born in 1890 married Konrad Thron from Brsljanica
From Szepetnek by Nagykaniza:
Till, Barbara, maiden name Schneemann, born 09.07.1879, married from Pavljani and moved to Mlinska died in 1959.
Schmidt, Elisabeth, maiden name Wolf, born 01.01.1880, arrived in Mlinska in 1899 from Pasijan died 20.03.1950 Ingolstadt, wife of Johann Schmidt
Borntrager, Katharina, maiden name Schlitt, born 04.12.1870, arrived in Mlinska in 1934 from Kaption, died 09.07.1956 in Katzenfurt
Those already born in Croatia or Slavonia who moved to Mlinska or Pasijan through marriage or other reasons:
Muth, Katharina, maiden name Schafer, born 23.09.1883 in Eichendorf, died 12.03.1972 in Wetzlar Dalheim
Frey, Katharina, maiden name Heppenheimer, born 07.12.1895, arrived from Bastaji in 1919, died 09.11.1942 in Kirschberg
Rohmann, Christina, maiden name Kah, 07.04.1900 in Hrastovoc (Eichendorf), died in 1946 in the camp at Krndja, Yugoslavia
Heberling, Eva, maiden name Lutz, came from Golinci, the second wife of Jakob Heberling, died in Argentina
Schafer, George, born 10.09.1904 in Brsljanica, married to Mlinska, died in 1974 in Regensburg
Ferber, Elisabeth, maiden name Hosser, born 13.08.1908 in Seliste, arrived in Mlinska in 1917
Heberling, Katharina, maiden name Hoffmann, born 06.03.1910, in Brsljanica, arrived in Mlinska in 1917
Nein, Heinrich, born 18.12.1916, in Brsljanica, arrived in Mlinska in 1917
Stoos, Andreas, born 05.08.1888 in Eichendorf died 20.01.1949 in Salzburg
Stoos, Anna, maiden name Adam, born 17.04.1917, in Kutina, married in Mlinska
Ferber, Elisabeth, maiden name Muth, 23.11.1913 in Pasijan, married to Mlinska in 1932
Hanzel, Magdalena, maiden name Schuckmann, born in 1912 in Pasijan married to Mlinska
Hanzel, Maria, maiden name Borondic, born 04.11.1924 in St. Gradac, married 03.03.1940
Hoffmann, Elisabeth, maiden name Frey, born 30.08.1912 in Kapetanovo, married 26.06.1934
Kauffmann, Katharina, maiden name Schuckmann, born 17.10.1907 in Pasijan, arrived in Mlinska 01.05.1930, died 1979 in Seiersberg, Steierm
Rothenbiller, Elisabeth, maiden name Beck, born 20.09.1901 in Brsljanica, the second wife of Heinrich Rothenbiller
Kah, Elisabeth, maiden name Deak in Antunovac, arrived in Mlinska in October 1938
Ferber, Katharina, maiden name Kehl, born in Eichendorf, married Jakob Ferber
Kah, Christina, maiden name Keim, born in 1917 in Bastaji, married Johann Kah
Maulbeck, Magdalena, maiden name Reinig, married Konigsbacher 07.07.1920 in Brsljanica (Jakob Maulbeck’s wife)
Tissberger, Anna, maiden name Buchenauer, born 24.11.1913 in Eichendorf, married Jakob Tissberge.
Marzluft, Karl, born 01.09.1912 in Eichendorf, married 01.04.1935 to Elisabeth Bietz