1725 Varsad, Tolna, Settlers
Complaint to the Komitat (Conuty)
Translated by Rosina T. Schmidt
In the archives of the Komitat (County) of Szakadát is a complaint of
the town of Varsad early settlers on Count of Mercy Estate to be found in which the
villagers listed the reasons why they would like to return back home. Here is the
1. The count
disregards almost all of the articles of the original agreement between the
settlers and him. From the area originally belonging to Varsad, the count took a
large chunk of meadow away to give it to the new settlers of Szakadát, Kalaznó
2. The villagers were promised to be paid to
transport goods to the manor house of Mrs. Nigrinyi some 15 miles distance, this
against the contract and in the end were forced to do that service without being
compensated for it. When the settlers objected and complained they were threatened
with the Högyész tower (the prison tower in the town of Högyész).
3. Many different type of wild animals destroyed
the villagers newly sown fields. Hungry wolves stole the chickens from their
coops, but the settlers were not permitted to kill those wolves.
The dogs had to be chained at all times. But as the dogs always do, they would get
loose and the manors’ hunter would charge the dog owner for bringing the dogs back
and fine them two Forint.
5. When a poor
settler lent his trained oxen to someone and those trained oxen were exchanged
for 3 or 4 young ones, they had to pay a fee to the manor house.
6. As per the settlement agreement, the settlers
were free of any work obligations to the landlord, yet they were forced to work on
the Danube and transport logs and other things.
7. Quite a few men (carpenter and other artisans)
worked in Högyész*
for one, even two months for the manor, without ever being compensated for.
8. When the landlord’s clerks asked a settler to
do something, which was against their contract, the clerks would immediately give
that settler the notice when he is to appear before the court in Högyész. They
even threatened with hanging.
9. The new settlers, who disembarked from the
boats in Tolna, had to transport themselves to the Mercy estates. They had to pay
3 Forint each to Mr. Fendrichs. That money did not pay for the transportation
10. When someone sells his property, he receives
only 1/3; if the landlord throws someone out, he still has to pay the outstanding
mortgage on that property. The landlord is not willing to give a receipt.
Johann Dallmata and Andreas Maurer signed this
was the place of Count of Mercy Estate, the local Landowner.