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Historical Accounts

Dr. Vladimir Geiger
Historian at the
Croatian Historical Institute in Zagreb presented his research on

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Ethnic German Human Loses during WWII and Thereafter

Page-4

Translated by
Rosina T. Schmidt

Herzegovina 1,174 members of the ethnic German minority.

According to the German allegations, based on estimates, lists and calculations, during World War II and the post-war time Bosnia and Herzegovina has lost about 1,300 ethnic Germans, of which some, especially the men, were killed, died or disappeared as members of the military and paramilitary troops of the  INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA  and the German Reich. Remaining Bosnia-Herzegovina ethnic Germans, men, women and children were killed, died or disappeared as the civilian population during the Second World War and in the immediate post-war period. (Table 16)

*

In studies of the overall casualties of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Second World War and the post war period, which should be able to be answered  numerically one can not forget the inevitable suffering and casualties of the ethnic German population in the area. But the suffering of the victims of the ethnic Germans of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as human losses of the overall Yugoslav  ethnic Germans in World War II and post-war period was a series of open questions and counter questions. The issue of human suffering and sacrifice of any reasons is one of the most intricate research topics that need to be questioned and amended.

 

Table 1


Number of Danube Swabians in Bosnia and Herzegovina's censuses
1910., 1921., 1931., 1948., 1953. i 1961.

1910.

22.968

1921.

16.399 / 16.471

1931.

14.988² / 15.500 / 15.600 

1948.

1.174

1953.

1.111

 

Table 2


Number of Danube Swabians in Bosnia and Herzegovina's censuses in 1931

Banja Luka

1.511

Prijedor

121

Bijeljina

2.318

Prnjavor

1.689

Br?ko

294

Rogatica

59

Bosanska Dubica

317

Sarajevo

2.507

Bosanska Gradiška

2.758

Tesli?

241

Bosanski Novi

74

Travnik

154

Derventa

648

Tuzla

546

Doboj

55

Visoko

128

Grada?ac

296

Zenica

373

Jajce

85

Zvornik

243

Mostar

120

Žep?e

382

Konjic

69

Ukupno

14.988

Table 3


Number of Danube Swabians in Bosnia and Herzegovina's censuses in
1941.
As per the statistics of the  INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA

Bosanska Gradiška

6.369

Br?ko

797

Sarajevo

3.556

Tuzla

741

Bijeljina

2.597

Doboj

640

Prnjavor

2.506

Tesli?

485

Derventa

1.695

Prijedor

380

Banja Luka

1.216

Grada?ac

291

Zenica

993

Zvornik

261

Žep?e

968

Jajce

202

                                                                             ukupno         23.267

 

Table 4


Number of Danube Swabians in Bosnia and Herzegovina's censuses of 1931
                                                                                                     Number of Danube Swabians in Bosnia and Herzegovina's censuses
and as per the statistics of Germany 1942/1944

 

1931.

1942./44.

 

1931.

1942./44.

Bosanski Aleksandrovac/
Rudolfst(h)al/Adolfst(h)al
kod Bosanske Gradiške

 

562

 

560

 

Podgraci
kod Prijedora

 

150

 

300

 

Banja Luka sa okolicom

 

600

 

1.730

Prosara/Hohenberg
kod Bosanske Dubice

 

150

 

162

Bosanski Brod sa okolicom

287

750

Polje kod Dervente

92

204

Bijeljina i Br?ko

858

754

Prnjavor

91

115

Božinci kod Bosanskog Broda

85

166

Sarajevo

2.800

2.575

Branjevo/Dugopolje
kod Bijeljine

 

112

 

177

Šibovska
kod Prnjavora

 

629

 

700

Derventa sa okolicom

221

284

Sitneš kod Prnjavora

244

400

 

Doboj sa okolicom

 

132

 

192

Kadar-Svilaj i Vrbovac-Svilaj kod Dervente

 

235

 

317

Putnikovo Brdo/Putnik/
Ularica/Kvaternik/
Franz-Ferdinandshöhe
kod Doboja

 

 

106

 

 

142

 

 

Tesli?

 

 

324

 

 

400

Novo Selo/Petrovopolje/
Franz-Josefsfeld/Schönborn
kod Bijeljine

 

1.140

 

1.600

 

Travnik i Turbe

 

180

 

350

Glogovac/Schutzberg
kod Prnjavora

 

824

 

1.293

Trošelji
kod Bosanske Gradiške

 

186

 

224

Jajce sa okolicom

113

160

Tuzla

500

550

Vrbaška/Karlsdorf
kod Bosanske Gradiške

 

173

 

168

 

Zavidovi?i

 

346

 

476

Dubrava/Königsfeld
kod Bosanske Gradiške

 

378

 

550

 

Zenica i Žep?e

 

432

 

912

 

Kora?e kod Dervente

 

47

 

106

Nova Topola/Wind(t)horst
kod Bosanske Gradiške

 

1.435

 

1.800

Lukavac
kod Tuzle

 

175

 

250

 

ukupno             

 

13.616

 

18.367

 

Table 5


Number of Danube Swabians in Bosnia and Herzegovina from various sources

Germany's sources
 INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA

1941.

23.267

K. Weber

1941.

21.000

V. Oberkersch

1941.

20.000

W. Sattler

1941.

19.900

F. Hoffmann

1942./44.

18.367¹

B. Ko?ovi?

1941./45.

18.000

V. Žerjavi?

1941.

16.000

L. Schumacher

1941./45.

16.000

 

Table 6


Number of emigrated Danube Shwabians towards the end of 1942
As per INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA lists and German Reich 

Bosanska Krupa

79

Derventa

486

Tuzla

741

Prijedor

380

Polje

204

Ugljevik

200

Podgraci

200

Kora?e

85

Branjevo

261

Karlsdorf

863

Bosanski Brod

756

Bijeljina

871

Dubrava /kolonija/

963

Svilaj

129

Schönborn

1.726

Bosanska Gradiška

165

Vrbovac

162

Zavidovi?i

763

Banja Luka

1.242

Bosanski Šamac

106

Begov Han

205

Sitneš

678

Grada?ac

80

Zenica

993

Šibovska

653

Bo?inci /kolonija/

70

Jajce

202

Prnjavor

450

Doboj

248

Sarajevo

834

Glogovac

1.175

Kvaternik

392

Mostar

150

Tesli?

485

Lukavac

366

ukupno                  17.363

 

Table 7


Number of ethnic Germans in Bosnia and Herzegovina as per German Reich's sources 

total ethnic Germans in Bosni and Hercegovini  in1941.

21.000

As of April 1941 to November 1944 fallen DS soldiers of the INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA  and German Reich

 

300

From April 1941 to November 1944 killed civilians

100

Fled Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1944

1.880

Expelled by the end of the war to outside of Yugoslavia

15.000

Soldiers in uniform to November 1944

3.050

Expelled by Yugoslav communists

670

Killed or missing prior to expulsion

15

Died after release from the starvation camps

5

Stayed free

70

Sent to Tito's starvation camps

580

 

Table 8


Real Danube Swabian losses during WWII and after the war  as per Germany's soures 

 

Civillians killed during the war

Civilialls killed in the Yugoslav camps 1945.-1948.

Civillians killed by the communists during the war

DS soldiers serving in the INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA  and German Reich

Total number killed during and after the war

men

85

45

89

850

1.069

women

20

70

54

 

144

children

5

15

68

 

88

total

110

130

211

850

1.301

 

Table 9


Danube Swabian losses to Bosnia and Herzegovina as per B. Ko?ovi?u

Demografic loss

19.000

Total loss

1.000

 

Table 10


Demographical Danube Swabian losses to Bosnia and Herzegovina during and after the war as per
B. Ko?ovi?u

unborn

1.000

assimilated

2.000

Migrated to Vojvodina

1.000

Emigrated to West

13.000

Emigrated to East

1.000

total

18.000

 

Table 11


Numbered and demographical Danube Swabian losses to Bosnia and Herzegovina during and after the war as per V. Žerjavi?u

census
1931.

apporoximate
1941.

census
1948.

census
1948.

difference
1948

emigrated

assiminlated

Demographical loss

October 2013